Post Operative Care (post ITU/HDU to Discharge)
PROBLEM

GOAL

ACTION

BREATHING                

                                        

 

 

Potential difficulty with breathing
due to surgery (pain) and obesity.
Steady unlaboured quiet breathing. Respirations to remain between16-20/min. Mucous membranes pink. No peripheral cyanosis.
Endeavour to keep patient pain free and comfortable.
Assist patient to maintain upright position when in bed, encourage mobilisation, encourage deep breathing and coughing
Administer prescribed medication to promote deep breathing. GuidelinePractice_PointA
Potential chest infection due to anaesthesia, reduced mobility and reduced tidal volume. Prevent chest infection. Sputum to remain clear, temperature to remain within normal limits.
For patient to breath deeply and efficiently.
Ensure patient comfortable/pain free.
Encourage deep breathing, coughing and expectoration.
Encourage and assist with taught deep breathing exercises.
Ensure early visit by Physiotherapist.
Administer and monitor effect of prescribed analgesia.





 

PROBLEM

GOAL

ACTION

MAINTAINING SAFE

ENVIRONMENT             

 

                                             

 

Potential development of shock and haemorrhage due to surgical intervention. Ensure early recognition of bleeding and shock.
Ensure blood pressure remains within acceptable limits as dictated by preoperative assessment
Observe dressings and drains 2 hourly for bleeding.
Record blood pressure and pulse 2 hourly for bleeding.
Observe patients colour and peripheral perfusion,
Observe for increased restlessness and and/or change in response level
Pain due to surgical procedure. For patient to state they are comfortable, pain free or pain within acceptable limits.
Listen and talk to patient and ascertain the nature of the pain. Encourage use of pain assessment tool. Position patient for maximum comfort. Give prescribed analgesia and assess effect. Offer analgesia as prescribed.
GuidelinePractice_PointA
Potential development of a deep vein thrombosis due to venous stasis and reduced mobility. For patients calves to remain soft, pain free and not red or swollen.
To promote venous return and encourage mobility.
To maintain venous integrity after discharge and prevent venous thrombosis.
Remind patient of preoperative leg exercises, encourage performance two hourly.
Observe calves for swelling pain and redness.
Ensure anti embolic devices are appropriately applied and working correctly sequential compression devices or anti embolic devices.
Encourage early mobilisation. Remove when mobile.
Teach patient self administration of subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin.
GuidelinePractice_PointA

Potential deterioration in pressure areas due to surgery, reduced mobility and body weight.

For the patients skin to remain intact, not sore or red Use Waterlow score to assess pressure areas on return from theatres
Encourage movement while in bed sliding and transfer equipment as appropriate
Keep sheets wrinkle free and dry
Encourage early mobilisation





 

 

PROBLEM

GOAL

ACTION

EATING & DRINKING

For BOMSS diet sheets please mail This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

 

Potentially unstable blood sugar due to pre-operative fasting.

To maintain blood sugar within normal limits as specified by medical team.

To review oral hypoglycaemic and insulin regime in light of pre-operative dietary restrictions, administer medications as prescribed.

Potential obstructive reflux due to band insertion.

Detect problem early and take appropriate action. Inform Surgeon. Observe and communicate with patient.
Restricted fluid intake post surgery (B). Encourage patient to take sufficient oral fluids. Increase to free clear fluids, as tolerated, progressing to liquid diet as directed by local policy. Remove IV when free fluids tolerated.
Potential development of dry sore mouth due to oral restrictions. Clean comfortable mouth. Perform hourly mouth care, until patient able to be self- caring.
Encourage use of mouthwash.
Potential nausea and vomiting due to surgery and anaesthesia Monitor, detect and prevent.
Talk with patient ascertain if nausea present. Administer anti-emetics as required
Need for patient to adopt post band insertion diet, and new dietary regime post discharge. For patient to tolerate new dietary regime, achieve appropriate weight loss while maintaining a healthy balanced diet Explanation, education, support and feedback, Link back to pre-operative dietary education, and explain discharge dietary advice.
Potential misuse/abuse/misunderstanding of new diet. Inability to adhere to new dietary regime

For patient to understand and comply with dietary regime, and to be comfortable with new diet

GuidelinePractice_PointA

Explain, educate, risks of self adjustment (damage, infection)
Remind patients that band is currently deflated and will be adjusted on first clinic visit GuidelinePractice_PointA
Potential development of maladaptive eating patterns post discharge. To ensure patient understands the importance of eating regular small well balanced meals and not resorting to liquidising foods or exchanging a balanced diet for high calorie snacks (biscuits, ice cream, sweets). Reinforce pre-operative education regarding dietary intake post discharge.
Potential misuse of band i.e. self deflation/inflation. For patient to understand the importance of professional adjustment and monitoring of band.
Explain educate risks of self adjustment, i.e. damage, infection.
Potential dehydration due to reduced oral intake. Ensure patient understands the potential of dehydration and how to avoid it. For patient not to suffer from constipation Educate need to monitor fluid intake. Patient should take 2Litres /day. Reiterate the importance of limiting fluid intake at meal times.
Need for long term / lifelong follow up
Ensure patient understands that follow up is essential to maintain health and well being and that appropriate adjustment of the band is essential to maintain adequate weight loss Appointment for primary adjustment and surgeon specific subsequent follow up.
Ensure patient understands fill procedure, to ensure adequate time allowed for clinc visit and remains in unit after adjustment.





 

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